Monro, Philip Peter

Monro, Philip Peter
SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology
[br]
b. 27 May 1946 London, England
[br]
English biologist, inventor of a water-purification process by osmosis.
[br]
Monro's whole family background is engineering, an interest he did not share. Instead, he preferred biology, an enthusiasm aroused by reading the celebrated Science of Life by H.G. and G.P.Wells and Julian Huxley. Educated at a London comprehensive school, Monro found it necessary to attend evening classes while at school to take his advanced level science examinations. Lacking parental support, he could not pursue a degree course until he was 21 years old, and so he gained valuable practical experience as a research technician. He resumed his studies and took a zoology degree at Portsmouth Polytechnic. He then worked in a range of zoology and medical laboratories, culminating after twelve years as a Senior Experimental Officer at Southampton Medical School. In 1989 he relinquished his post to devote himself fall time to developing his inventions as Managing Director of Hampshire Advisory and Technical Services Ltd (HATS). Also in 1988 he obtained his PhD from Southampton University, in the field of embryology.
Monro had meanwhile been demonstrating a talent for invention, mainly in microscopy. His most important invention, however, is of a water-purification system. The idea for it came from Michael Wilson of the Institute of Dental Surgery in London, who evolved a technique for osmotic production of sterile oral rehydration solutions, of particular use in treating infants suffering from diarrhoea in third-world countries. Monro broadened the original concept to include dried food, intravenous solutions and even dried blood. The process uses simple equipment and no external power and works as follows: a dry sugar/salts mixture is sealed in one compartment of a double bag, the common wall of which is a semipermeable membrane. Impure water is placed in the empty compartment and the water transfers across the membrane by the osmotic force of the sugar/salts. As the pores in the membrane exclude all viruses, bacteria and their toxins, a sterile solution is produced.
With the help of a research fellowship granted for humanitarian reasons at King Alfred College, Winchester, the invention was developed to functional prototype stage in 1993, with worldwide patent protection. Commercial production was expected to follow, if sufficient financial backing were forthcoming. The process is not intended to replace large installations, but will revolutionize the small-scale production of sterile water in scattered third-world communities and in disaster areas where normal services have been disrupted.
HATS was awarded First Prize in the small business category and was overall prize winner in the Toshiba Year of Invention, received a NatWest/BP award for technology and a Prince of Wales Award for Innovation.
[br]
Bibliography
1993, with M.Wilson and W.A.M.Cutting, "Osmotic production of sterile oral rehydration solutions", Tropical Doctor 23:69–72.
LRD

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Harold Monro — Harold Edward Monro (March 14, 1879 March 16, 1932), was a British poet, the proprietor of the Poetry Bookshop in London which helped many famous poets bring their work before the public.Monro was born in Brussels, but his parents were Scottish.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury — This is a list of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury of Great Britain. Commissioners of the Treasury of Great Britain (1714 1800)Townshend ministry (1714 1715)*October 13, 1714 **Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax (First Lord) **Sir Richard… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Conservative Party (UK) MPs — This is a list of Conservative Party MPs. It includes all Members of Parliament elected to the British House of Commons representing the Conservative Party from 1834 onwards. Members of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly or the European… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Oriel College people — Walter Raleigh, by Nicholas Hilliard, c.1585. This is an incomplete list of notable people affiliated with Oriel College, Oxford University, England, including former students, academics, provosts and honorary fellows. Conten …   Wikipedia

  • List of Privy Counsellors (1952–present) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed since the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Due to political ties, some Prime Ministers from Commonwealth realms also are ascended to the British Privy Council as… …   Wikipedia

  • List of University of Edinburgh people — is a list of notable graduates and former faculty of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The University is associated with nine Nobel Prize winners (Source: http://www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/edinburgh/alumni.html)Politics and… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Margaret of Anjou — receiving the Book of Romances. From an illuminated manuscript by the Talbot Master Queen consort of England (first time) Tenure …   Wikipedia

  • Produced by George Martin — Infobox Album | Name = Produced by George Martin Type = Box Set Artist = George Martin Released = July 17, 2001 Recorded = 1950 1997 Genre = Various Length = Label = Parlophone (UK) Capitol (U.S.) Producer = George Martin Reviews = *Allmusic… …   Wikipedia

  • Ned Chaillet — Edward William Ned Chaillet, III (  /ˈʃaɪ …   Wikipedia

  • medicine, history of — Introduction  the development of the prevention and treatment of disease from prehistoric and ancient times to the 20th century. Medicine and surgery before 1800 Primitive (primitive culture) medicine and folklore       Unwritten history is not… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”